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EMN Studies and Policy Briefs

Studies examine in detail the selected topics in the area of migration and asylum. For the Slovak Republic they are available in a form of a questionnaire or they are developed into a compact text. The studies are elaborated based on a previously agreed and approved specification that is the same for all EU Member States and Norway.

Children in Migration (2021)

The report maps the progress made by the EU Member States and Norway in 2019 with regards to the implementation of the recommendations laid down in the Commission Communication on the protection of children in migration. The report covers the following areas of protection: swift and comprehensive identification and protection; providing adequate reception in the EU; ensuring swift and effective access to status determination procedures and implementation of procedural safeguards; detention for the purpose of return of unaccompanied minors and families with children; ensuring durable solutions; transition to adulthood; cross-cutting actions.

Sustainable migration from Africa to Europe (2020)

The briefing paper is a summary of an online Roundtable on Sustainable migration from Africa to Europe that was organized by the European Migration Network (EMN) and EMN Norway on 9 December 2020. It focuses on the concept of sustainable migration by considering the whole-of-route approach from countries of origin to destination. By bringing together policymakers, researchers and representatives of different sectors and perspectives, the event brought a better understanding of how to design sustainable migration policies that work for Europe and non-European countries.

Download attachments: Briefing paper (EN)

EU labour migration policy: time to move from a skill-based to a sector-based framework? (2020)

This briefing paper is a summary of a roundtable organized by the European Migration Network (EMN) in cooperation with the Joint Research Centre and DG HOME on 5 November 2020. The event offered an opportunity to discuss the EU policies in the area of labour migration and potential benefits and challenges that arise from a more sector-centred versus a skill-centred approach.

Download attachments: Briefing paper (EN)

Attracting and protecting the rights of seasonal workers in the EU and United Kingdom (2020)

The study analyses the profile of seasonal workers and sectors they work in. It looks at the national strategies and measures taken in order to attract seasonal workers. It also examines to what extent the needs of labour market are filled by these workers. With regards to the pandemic situation during which the study was written it addresses the impact of COVID-19 on hiring seasonal workers. In the last chapter, it maps the application of protective aspects and rights of seasonal workers that stem from the Directive on Seasonal Workers.

Organisation of Asylum and Migration Policies - Overview (2020)

The Overview describes how main asylum and migration policies related to third-country nationals are organised in the Slovak Republic from the institutional perspective as well as from the perspective of their mutual relations. It is based on the information valid as of September 2020. Overviews are available also for other EU Member States and Norway.

Download attachments: Overview (EN)

Pathways to citizenship for third-country nationals in the EU (2020)

Integration through acquisition of citizenship has become an important topic in many EU Member States in recent years, as the number of new migrants arriving in the EU has increased in recent years.

The new EMN Synthesis Report published on this topic shows that citizenship is seen by the EU Member States as either the culmination of the integration process or as facilitating the integration process.

The report provides a comparative overview of recent trends, frameworks and good practices from 24 EU Member States and Norway on the acquisition of citizenship for third-country nationals. It describes how national policies evolved over the past five years in relation to the acquisition of citizenship, what are the criteria and procedures in place, how costly and long is the process, what type of support do Member States provide to third-country nationals wishing to acquire citizenship and how do Member States see the acquisition of citizenship in relation to integration of migrants into a host society. The report also informs on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the processing of applications for citizenship.

Comparative overview of national protection statuses in the EU and Norway (2020)

In the field of asylum, EU legislation requires Member States to harmonise their legislation and practices in line with the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). There are two protection statuses harmonised at European level - refugee status and subsidiary protection, however a variety of national protection statuses exist as well.

The study aims to provide an overview of forms of protection granted by EU Member States and Norway based on their national legislation. It also contains the information on the reason of being granted the status, procedures, rights, period of validity, etc. It is a partial update of the EMN study entitled The Different National Practices Concerning Granting of Non-EU Harmonised Protection Statuses which was elaborated in 2010.

Migratory Pathways for Start-Ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union (2019)

Over half of the EU Member States consider that attracting and retaining innovative entrepreneurs and start-ups from countries outside the EU will enhance the economic growth, innovation, and increase the global economic competitiveness. Therefore, in recent years, they have introduced various legislative measures, such as special visas or residence permits for innovative third country entrepreneurs. The Synthesis Report of the EMN Study Migratory Pathways for Start-Ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union published by the European Migration Network (EMN)  identifies the factors and prerequisites for attracting and retaining start-up founders and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries, as well as examining the different admission pathways available, including specific start-up schemes. The Study also explores the role of cities, regions and particular locations as entrepreneurial hubs in attracting start-up founders and employees from third countries. 

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EMN Coordinator for Slovakia

International Organization for Migration (IOM) – Office in the Slovak Republic

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EMN Coordinator for the EU

European Comission - Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs 

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