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EMN Studies and Policy Briefs

Studies and Policy Briefs dealing with selected topics on migration and asylum. As for the Slovak Republic, focussed studies in Slovak language are compiled into broader studies; English version of such studies is available only as a completed questionnaire. All studies are based on specifications approved by the EU Member States, Norway and the European Commission.

Impact of Visa Liberalisation on Countries of Destination (2018)

As of 2018, five Western Balkan and three Eastern Partnership countries benefit from visa liberalisation to the EU Schengen area,  particularly Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Republic of North Macedonia, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. EMN Study “Impact of visa liberalisation on countries of destination”  explores the impact of visa liberalisation in specific areas (e.g. tourism, legal migration, bilateral cooperation) and looks at trends in irregular migration and other issues that have been observed in the EU Member States and Norway as countries of destination during the period 2007-2017. By focussing on the countries of destination, this report gives a new perspective into the impacts and challenges of visa liberalisation faced by EU Member States and Norway.


Labour Market Integration of Third-Country Nationals in EU Member States (2018)

The study aims to provide an overview of existing labour market integration policies and measures in Member States targeting third-country nationals. It focusses on current policies and those either recently implemented or amended since 2014. It offers examples of promising labour market integration measures implemented by the public sector as well as tailored employment-related initiatives provided by the private sector.


Key learning points of the study include:

• integration programmes are more successful with long-term structural national funding

• setting clear targets focussing on impact rather than performance could significantly help in evaluating outputs and outcomes and identifying best practices based on evidence

• private sector is a valuable complement to public sector integration measures; while the public-sector focuses on providing skills to find employment, the private sector focuses on measures integrating migrant workers to workplaces, such as training and enhancing intercultural relations


Changing Influx of Asylum Seekers 2014-2016 (2017)

This EMN study provides an overview of the changes to national strategies, approaches and measures in response to the unprecedented migratory movements to EU Member States and Norway between 2014 and 2016. In particular, the study examines the changes made in the processing of applications for international protection; reception services; registration procedures; asylum procedures (including rights afforded to applicants) and the content/legal consequences of the protection granted; border control and law enforcement; integration measures; plus other areas impacted by these policies. It draws out key challenges, good practices and lessons learnt during this period. Finally, the study shows the extent to which the (Member) States included in this study are operationally and organisationally prepared for potentially similar situations in the future.

Approaches to Unaccompanied Minors Following Status Determination in the EU plus Norway (2017)

The study aims to explore the situation of unaccompanied minors who have been granted a residence permit or issued a return decision, and in turn, the approaches established by (Member) States to their integration or (voluntary) return. The study also covers unaccompanied minors who cannot be returned immediately and may be granted a temporary status, such as tolerated stay, at least in some (Member) States. The main findings of the study are briefly explained in the new EMN video.

The Effectiveness of Return in the EU (2017)

This study aims at analysing the impact of EU rules on return and related case law from the Court of Justice of the European Union – on Member States’ return policies and practices and hence on the effectiveness of return decisions issued across the EU. The study will also seek to provide an overview of the challenges encountered by Member States in effectively implementing returns, as well as identify any good practices developed to ensure the enforcement of return obligations.

Challenges and Practices for Establishing Applicants Identity in Migration Procedures (2017)

The aim of this Study is to present an overview of the challenges faced by national authorities in their efforts to reliably establish and verify the identity of third-country nationals within the context of various migration procedures and of national practices of EU Member States to address those challenges. This study updates and supplements the 2013 EMN Study “Establishing Identity for International Protection: Challenges and Practices”.

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