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EMN Studies and Policy Briefs

Studies and Policy Briefs dealing with selected topics on migration and asylum. As for the Slovak Republic, focussed studies in Slovak language are compiled into broader studies; English version of such studies is available only as a completed questionnaire. All studies are based on specifications approved by the EU Member States, Norway and the European Commission.

Migratory Pathways for Start-Ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union (2019)

Over half of the EU Member States consider that attracting and retaining innovative entrepreneurs and start-ups from countries outside the EU will enhance the economic growth, innovation, and increase the global economic competitiveness. Therefore, in recent years, they have introduced various legislative measures, such as special visas or residence permits for innovative third country entrepreneurs. The Synthesis Report of the EMN Study Migratory Pathways for Start-Ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union published by the European Migration Network (EMN)  identifies the factors and prerequisites for attracting and retaining start-up founders and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries, as well as examining the different admission pathways available, including specific start-up schemes. The Study also explores the role of cities, regions and particular locations as entrepreneurial hubs in attracting start-up founders and employees from third countries. 

Beneficiaries of International Protection Travelling to their Country of Origin (2018)

A new study published by the European Migration Network (EMN) offers an overview of the experiences and existing practices in the EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland regarding beneficiaries of international protection who travel back to their country of origin. The study also examines the motivations of the individuals in question, and how such cases would be assessed by the national authorities in the countries that granted them refugee status. The study found that most countries participating in the research did consider travel to the country of origin as an indication that protection may no longer be needed. This could lead them to examine the purpose of the travel and to reassess the international protection status. The main findings of the study Beneficiaries of international protection travelling to their country of origin are also briefly explained in the new video

Attracting and Retaining International Students in the EU (2018)

Attracting students from third countries is important for the EU both as an alternative to irregular migration and as a contribution to a more competitive EU economy. But what concrete policies and practices have Member States put in place to attract international students? Are there any special incentives to retain them following graduation? What are the main challenges? What bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements with third countries have been adopted by Member States covering international students?

These and many other questions are answered in the Synthesis Report of the EMN Study Attracting and retaining international students in the EU. The study is providing concise overview of recent trends, challenges and good practices as well as of national policies and practices in place in Member States to attract international students from third countries.

Impact of Visa Liberalisation on Countries of Destination (2018)

As of 2018, five Western Balkan and three Eastern Partnership countries benefit from visa liberalisation to the EU Schengen area,  particularly Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Republic of North Macedonia, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. EMN Study “Impact of visa liberalisation on countries of destination”  explores the impact of visa liberalisation in specific areas (e.g. tourism, legal migration, bilateral cooperation) and looks at trends in irregular migration and other issues that have been observed in the EU Member States and Norway as countries of destination during the period 2007-2017. By focussing on the countries of destination, this report gives a new perspective into the impacts and challenges of visa liberalisation faced by EU Member States and Norway.


Labour Market Integration of Third-Country Nationals in EU Member States (2018)

The study aims to provide an overview of existing labour market integration policies and measures in Member States targeting third-country nationals. It focusses on current policies and those either recently implemented or amended since 2014. It offers examples of promising labour market integration measures implemented by the public sector as well as tailored employment-related initiatives provided by the private sector.


Key learning points of the study include:

• integration programmes are more successful with long-term structural national funding

• setting clear targets focussing on impact rather than performance could significantly help in evaluating outputs and outcomes and identifying best practices based on evidence

• private sector is a valuable complement to public sector integration measures; while the public-sector focuses on providing skills to find employment, the private sector focuses on measures integrating migrant workers to workplaces, such as training and enhancing intercultural relations


Changing Influx of Asylum Seekers 2014-2016 (2017)

This EMN study provides an overview of the changes to national strategies, approaches and measures in response to the unprecedented migratory movements to EU Member States and Norway between 2014 and 2016. In particular, the study examines the changes made in the processing of applications for international protection; reception services; registration procedures; asylum procedures (including rights afforded to applicants) and the content/legal consequences of the protection granted; border control and law enforcement; integration measures; plus other areas impacted by these policies. It draws out key challenges, good practices and lessons learnt during this period. Finally, the study shows the extent to which the (Member) States included in this study are operationally and organisationally prepared for potentially similar situations in the future.

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